Common Algorithms          Every Software          Engineer Should Know

10

Efficiently find an element in a sorted array by repeatedly dividing the search space in half.

1

Binary Search Algorithm

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2

Merge Sort Algorithm

Efficiently find an element in a sorted array by repeatedly dividing the search space in half.

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3

Minimize data storage with variable-length codes, assigning shorter codes to more frequent symbols.

Huffman Coding Compression Algorithm

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4

Compute the greatest common divisor (GCD) of two integers efficiently using recursive division.

Euclid’s Algorithm

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5

Heap Sort Algorithm

Sort an array in-place using a binary heap, achieving O(n log n) time

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6

Knapsack Problem

Solve optimization problems by efficiently selecting items to maximize value within a given capacity.

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7

Find the minimum spanning tree in a connected, undirected graph by iteratively adding the smallest edge.

Kruskal’s Algorithm

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8

Explore graph structures systematically with BFS for short paths and DFS for deep exploration.

Breadth First Search (BFS) and Depth First Search (DFS) Algorithm

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9

Bellman Ford Algorithm

Discover the shortest paths in a weighted graph, even with negative edge weights.

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10

Classify or regress data points based on the majority vote or average of their k nearest neighbors.

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K-Nearest Neighbors

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