What's the difference?
Get a Better Understanding of JPA and Hibernate: The Essential ORM Tools for Java Developers. Explore the Key Differences and Find Out Which One is Right for Your Project!
Java Persistence API is a specification that provides object-relational mapping for Java apps. It uses ORM tools like Hibernate & TopLink to manage persistence & define mappings for POJOs as entities.
What is JPA?
- Stored Procedure Query
- Constructor Result Mapping
- Bean Validation
- JDBC Properties
Features of JPA
Hibernate is a Java ORM tool that allows for object-relational mapping & query service. It is an implementation of Java Persistence API & uses XML files to quickly map Java objects to a database.
What is Hibernate?
- Auto table generation
- Support Association
- Support Inheritance
- Pagination Support
Features of Hibernate
Defined under the javax.persistence package.
Defined under the org.hibernate package.
Comparison based on Package
Uses the EntityManagerFactory interface to interact with the entity manager factory for the persistence unit.
Uses the SessionFactory interface for creating Session instances.
Comparison based on Interface
Uses JPQL, an object-oriented query language, to perform database operations.
Uses HQL, an object-oriented query language, to perform database operations.
Comparison based on Language Used
Gain a deeper understanding of the differences between JPA and Hibernate, including pros and cons.