Java syntax is straightforward and easy to understand. Many complicated and less-used features, including pointers and operator overloading, have been removed from Java.
As an object-oriented language, Java emphasizes objects rather than functions and logic required to manipulate them. Suitable for large, complex, and frequently updated projects.
Java code runs on multiple platforms, including Windows, Linux, macOS, and others. Java code is compiled and converted to byte code that is platform-independent.
Java is a secure language since there are no explicit pointers, it runs in a virtual sandbox (JVM), has a classloader, byte code verifier, security manager, etc.
Java includes runtime exception handling to support resilience in programming. It requires the programmer to develop exception-handling code.
Java is architecture-neutral as it does not depend on implementation details, such as size of primitive types.
Due to Java's architecture-independence, it can run on any platform without recompilation, making them portable. Program can be converted into byte code, which is easily portable.
Java was designed to make distributed computing simple. Additionally, Java supports the development of micro-services in distributed systems.
Check out the detailed explanation of Java characteristics.