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MYSQL Cheat Sheet

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MySQL is a fully open-source Relational Database Management System. It uses Structured Query Language (SQL) to manage the database. With only a few SQL statements, we can interact with MySQL using a simple programming language. SQL is a large group of statements that may be classified as sublanguages, typically: a data query language (DQL), a data definition language (DDL), a data control language (DCL), and a data manipulation language (DML). SQL includes data query, data manipulation (insert, update, and delete), data definition (schema creation and modification), and data access control.

MySql is platform flexible,i.e. can run on Windows, Linux and Mac. It can be easily used in both small-scale and large-scale businesses. SQL is largely based on Relational Algebra and Tuple Relational Calculus. Sun Microsystems (now Oracle Corporation) acquired MySQL AB, the Swedish company that owned and sponsored MySQL.

MySQL has stand-alone users that can interact with a MySQL database using SQL, but in more frequent instances, MySQL is used with other programs to create applications that require relational database expertise. LAMP is an acronym for Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP/Python, and Perl/Python.LEMP is a stack which uses Linux, Nginx Server, MySQL, and PHP. Django Stack uses JS, Python, Django, and MySQL.  MySQL is a component of this software stack.

MySQL is password encrypted which implies it is secure and lightweight. We can also implement a client /server architecture in MySQL. Transactions can be committed, rolled back and provides crash recovery. It also provides high performance, high flexibility, and high productivity.

We have made a cheat sheet, which will help you navigate and interact with MySQL.

INSTALLING MySQL

On Windows

  1. Download the MYSQL installer from here: Install MySQL Installer. Execute the installer with administrator privileges.
  2. Choose the appropriate setup type. Preferably Developer Default.
  3. Complete the installation. This setup installs multiple MySQL products and the MySQL server is one of them.

On Linux

  1. For distros that use apt (Debian based) run: sudo apt install mysql-server.
  2. For distros that use yum, run : sudo yum install mysql-shell.
  3. For distros that use dnf, run : sudo dnf install mysql-shell.
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MYSQL Tutorial: Basics to Advanced

1. MYSQL COMMAND LINE COMMANDS

COMMAND MEANING SYNTAX
mysql  Allows user to connect to the MySQL CLI 
>MYSQL -U [USERNAME] -P;
exit Exits the MySQL CLI
>EXIT;
clear Clears the MySQL shell
>SYSTEM CLEAR;
create user Creates a new user
>CREATE USER `NEWUSER`@`LOCALHOST` IDENTIFIED BY `NEW_PASSWORD`
show user Shows all user who have access to the MySQL Client
>SELECT USER, HOST FROM MYSQL.USER;
drop user To delete an existing user 
> DROP USER 'USERNAME'@'LOCALHOST';
grant all privileges  Assigns privileges to a MySQL user
>GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON * . * TO 'USERNAME'@'LOCALHOST';
show grants Displays the privileges that are assigned to a MySQL user
> SHOW GRANTS FOR 'USERNAME'@'LOCALHOST';
revoke all privileges Revokes all privileges assigned to a MySQL user
>REVOKE ALL PRIVILEGES, GRANT OPTION FROM 'USERNAME'@'LOCALHOST';
mysqldump Creates a backup of a set of SQL statements that can be used to recreate the original database object definitions and table data.
>MYSQLDUMP -U USERNAME -P DATABASENAME> DATABASENAME_BACKUP.SQL

2. MYSQL DATABASE COMMANDS (DATA DEFINITION LANGUAGE;DDL)

COMMAND MEANING SYNTAX
show database Shows all the databases available in MySQL server.
>SHOW DATABASE;
create database Creates a new database if it does not exist.
>CREATE DATABASE DATABASENAME;
drop database To delete an existing database permanently.
>DROP DATABASE  DATABASE_NAME
alter database Changes or modifies the characteristics of an existing database.
>ALTER DATABASE [DATABASENAME] ALTEROPTION ;
use database Allow you to use a particular database or change from the current database to another database.
>USE DATABASENAME;

3. MySQL Table commands(DDL)

COMMAND MEANING SYNTAX
show tables Shows all tables within the current database.
>SHOW TABLES;
create table Creates a new table in the current database.
>CREATE TABLE TABLENAME (
    COLUMN1 DATATYPE,
    COLUMN2 DATATYPE,
    COLUMN3 DATATYPE,
   ....
CONSTRAINTS ....
);
alter table (add column) Adds a new column to an existing table. 
>ALTER TABLE TABLENAME ADD COLUMNNAME DATATYPE;
alter table (drop column) Deletes a column from an existing table.
>ALTER TABLE TABLENAME DROP COLUMN COLUMNNAME;
alter table (alter column) Alters an existing column in an already existing table.
>ALTER TABLE TABLENAME
ALTER COLUMN COLUMNNAME DATATYPE;
alter table(add primary key) Alters or adds primary key to an existing table.
>ALTER TABLE TABLENAME 
ADD PRIMARY KEY (COLUMNNAME,...);
alter table(drop primary key) Drops an existing primary key in a table.
>ALTER TABLE TABLENAME
DROP PRIMARY KEY;
alter table(add foreign key) Creates a foreign key on an existing table.
>ALTER TABLE TABLENAME1 ADD FOREIGN KEY (COLUMN1) REFERENCES TABLENAME2(COLUMN2);
alter table(drop foreign key) Deletes an existing foreign key in an already existing table.
> ALTER TABLE TABLENAME DROP FOREIGN KEY FOREIGNKEY_NAME;
rename table Changes the name of an existing table.
>RENAME TABLE OLD_TABLENAME TO NEW_TABLENAME;
drop table Deletes the entire table along with its definition.
>DROP TABLE TABLE_NAME;
truncate table Remove all records in a MySQL table.
>TRUNCATE TABLE TABLENAME;
describe table Displays all the columns of an existing table.
>DESCRIBE TABLE_NAME;
describe table column Displays all the values stored in a particular column.
>DESCRIBE TABLE_NAME COLUMN_NAME;
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4. MySQL DML(Data Manipulation Language) Commands

COMMAND MEANING SYNTAX
select * Displays all rows in a table.
>SELECT * FROM TABLENAME
select * (multiple tables) Displays all the rows of the cartesian product of the two tables
>SELECT * FROM TABLENAME1,TABLENAME2;
select columns Select particular columns from table(s)
>SELECT COLUMN1,COLUMN2 FROM TABLENAME;
select with condition Displays rows based on a particular condition
> SELECT * FROM TABLENAME WHERE CONDITION
select with multiple conditions(AND) Displays rows only when both the conditions are satisfied.
> SELECT * FROM TABLENAME WHERE CONDITION1 AND CONDITION2.
select with multiple conditions(OR) Displays rows only when either of the conditions are satisfied.
> SELECT * FROM TABLENAME WHERE CONDITION1 OR CONDITION2.
select with condition(NOT) Displays rows based on negation of a particular condition.
>SELECT * FROM TABLENAME WHERE NOT CONDITION.
select with group by Displays rows that have same values into summary rows
> SELECT .. FROM .. WHERE… GROUP BY COLUMN3;
select with having Used instead of where for aggregate functions.
>SELECT COUNT(COLUMN1) FROM TABLENAME ORDER BY COLUMN2 HAVING COUNT(COLUMN1)>3;
select distinct Display all unique rows discarding duplicate ones.
>SELECT DISTINCT (COLUMN1) FROM TABLENAME;
order by Used to sort results in ascending order or descending order
> SELECT … FROM TABLENAME ORDER BY COLUMN1 ASC|DESC;
column alias Changes the output of the name of the column.
> SELECT COLUMN1 AS NEWNAME FROM TABLENAME;
like Used to search for a specific pattern.
> SELECT COLUMN1 FROM TABLENAME WHERE COLUMN1 LIKE ‘%PATTERN%’;
insert record Adds a new row to an existing table.
> INSERT INTO TABLENAME (COLUMN1,COLUMN2…) VALUES (VALUE1,VALUE2…);
insert record(multiple) Adds multiple records into an existing table.
> INSERT INTO TABLENAME (COLUMN1,COLUMN2…) VALUES (VALUE1A,VALUE2A…),(VALUE1B,VALUE2B,...);
delete Deletes all records in a table.
> DELETE FROM TABLENAME;
delete with where Deletes specific records
>DELETE FROM TABLENAME WHERE CONDITION;
between Selects values in a given range
>SELECT * FROM TABLENAME WHERE AGE BETWEEN 25 AND 30.
in Used instead of multiple OR operators.
> SELECT * FROM TABLENAME WHERE COLUMN2 IN (V1,V2…);
exists Tests for existence of a certain record. Returns a boolean value.
> SELECT * FROM TABLE NAME WHERE EXIST (SUB QUERY);
update table Modifies data in existing tables.
> UPDATE TABLENAME SET COLUMNNAME=VALUE WHERE CONDITION;
inner join Selects records that have the same values in two same or distinct tables.
> SELECT COLUMN(S) FROM TABLENAME1 INNER JOIN TABLENAME2 ON TABLENAME1.COLUMNAME=TABLENAME2.COLUMNAME;
left join Selects all the records from the left table and matching records from the right table.
>SELECT COLUMN(S) FROM TABLENAME1 LEFT JOIN TABLENAME2 ON TABLENAME1.COLUMNAME=TABLENAME2.COLUMNAME;
right join Selects all the records from the right table and matching records from the left table.
>SELECT COLUMN(S) FROM TABLENAME1 RIGHT JOIN TABLENAME2 ON TABLENAME1.COLUMNAME=TABLENAME2.COLUMNAME;
cross join Selects rows from cartesian product of both the tables.
>SELECT COLUMN(S) FROM TABLE1 CROSS JOIN TABLE2;
full outer join  Selects all records with a match on table1 or table2.
>SELECT COLUMN(S) FROM TABLENAME1 FULL OUTER JOIN TABLENAME2 ON TABLENAME1.COLUMNAME=TABLENAME2.COLUMNAME WHERE CONDITION;
union Combines the result of two select statements.
>SELECT * FROM TABLENAME1
UNION SELECT * FROM TABLENAME2
union all Similar to Union but allows duplicate values
>SELECT * FROM TABLENAME1
UNION ALL SELECT * FROM TABLENAME2
concat()  Combines two or more columns together.
>SELECT CONCAT(COLUMN1, " ", POSTALCODE, " ", COLUMN2) AS NEWCOL
FROM TABLENAME;

5. MySQL DATA TYPES

In MySQL just like other programming languages, each column, local variable, expression, and parameter has a related data type. A data type is an attribute that specifies the type of data that the object can hold.

  • String Data Types
DATATYPE DETAILS
CHAR(size) Stores Alpha Numeric and special characters. Size varies from 0 to 255 characters.
VARCHAR(size) Can contain letters, numbers, and characters that are of variable length (size). The size parameter specifies the column length in characters; it can be from 0 to 65535.
BINARY(size) Similar to CHAR(). But it stores binary strings.
VARBINARY(size) Similar to Binary() but the length is variable.
TINYBLOB For Binary Large Objects. Max size=255 bytes.
TINYTEXT Holds string of max length 255 characters.
TEXT(Size) Stores a string of max length 65535 bytes.
BLOB Stores Binary Large Objects up to 65535 bytes of data.
MEDIUMTEXT Stores 2^8 times the characters as compared to TINYTEXT.
MEDIUMBLOB Stores 2^8 times bytes as compared to TINYBLOB.
LONGTEXT Stores 2^8 times the characters as compared to MEDIUMTEXT.
LONGBLOB Stores 2^8 times bytes as compared to MEDIUMBLOB.
ENUM(val1, val2, val3, ...) Stores only one value, which can be chosen from a range of possible values. An ENUM list can contain at most 65535 values. A value that is inserted that is not in the list will be replaced with a blank value. The values are arranged in the order you specify them.
SET(val1, val2, val3, ...) Stores a string object that can have 0 or more values, chosen from a list of possible values. You can list up to 64 values in a SET list
  • Numeric Data Types
DATATYPE DETAILS
BIT(size)         Stores a bit-value. The size parameter specifies the number of bits per value . The value is represented as a number of bits. The size parameter can hold a value from 1 to 64. The default value for size is 1.
TINYINT(size) Stores very small int values. Signed ranges  from -128 to 127. Unsigned ranges from 0 to 255. Size defines the maximum display width of 255.
BOOL Zero is considered as false and one is considered as true.
BOOLEAN Same as BOOL.
SMALLINT(size) Stores a small integer. Signed ranges from -32768 to 32767. Unsigned ranges from 0 to 65535. Size defines the maximum display width of 255.
MEDIUMINT(size) Stores a medium valued integer. Signed ranges from -8388608 to 8388607. Unsigned ranges from 0 to 16777215. Size defines the maximum display width of 255.
INT(size) Stores a medium integer. Signed ranges from -2147483648 to 2147483647. Unsigned ranges from 0 to 4294967295. Size defines the maximum display width of 255.
INTEGER(size) Same as INT(size)
BIGINT(size) Stores a large valued integer. Signed ranges  from -9223372036854775808 to 9223372036854775807. Unsigned ranges  from 0 to 18446744073709551615. Size defines the maximum display width of 255.
FLOAT(size, d) Stores a floating point(decimal number). The number of digits is specified in size. The number of digits after the decimal point is specified by the value d.
FLOAT(p) Stores a floating point(decimal number. If p value is between 0 and 24, the data type becomes FLOAT() else the data type becomes DOUBLE()
DOUBLE(size, d) Stores a  normal-size floating point (decimal)number. The number of digits is specified in size. The number of digits after the decimal point is specified by the value d.
DECIMAL(size, d) An exact fixed-point number. The total number of digits is specified in size. The number of digits after the decimal point is specified in the d parameter. The maximum number for size is 65. The maximum number for d is 30. The default value for size is 10. The default value for d is 0.
  • Date and Time Data Types
DATATYPE DETAILS
DATE Stores a date in the format: YYYY-MM-DD. Supports a range between '1000-01-01' to '9999-12-31'
DATETIME(fsp) Combination of date and time in the format: YYYY-MM-DD hh:mm:ss. Supports a range between '1000-01-01 00:00:00' to '9999-12-31 23:59:59'. 
TIMESTAMP(fsp) Stores a time stamp in the format YYYY-MM-DD hh:mm:ss UTC. Supports a range between '1970-01-01 00:00:01' UTC to '2038-01-09 03:14:07' UTC. 
TIME(fsp) Stores time in the format hh:mm:ss. Supports a range between '-838:59:59' to '838:59:59'
YEAR Stores a year in four-digit format. Supports a range between 1901 to 2155 (includes 0000).

6. MySQL AGGREGATE FUNCTIONS

A function that performs an arithmetic operation on a set of values and returns a single value is called an aggregate function.

COMMAND FUNCTION SYNTAX
count() Returns the number of rows, (including NULL)
>SELECT COUNT(COLUMN_NAME)
FROM TABLE_NAME
WHERE CONDITION;
sum() Returns sum of all non NULL values.
>SELECT SUM(COLUMN_NAME)
FROM TABLE_NAME
WHERE CONDITION;
avg() Returns average of all non NULL values.
>SELECT AVG(COLUMN_NAME)
FROM TABLE_NAME
WHERE CONDITION;
min() Returns minimum value in the set.
>SELECT MIN(COLUMN_NAME)
FROM TABLE_NAME
WHERE CONDITION;
max() Returns maximum value in the set.
>SELECT MAX(COLUMN_NAME)
FROM TABLE_NAME
WHERE CONDITION; 
groutp_concat() Concatenates values from multiple rows into one field.
>SELECT COLUMN1, COLUMN2, ...
GROUP_CONCAT ( DISTINCTCOLUMN1
ORDER BY ..   ) 
FROM TABLE_NAME GROUP BY COLUMN2;

7. INDEXES AND VIEWS IN MySQL

An Index retrieves data much faster than otherwise. Indexes speed up the query/search. A user cannot view an Index. Updating a table with an index takes more time because both table and index have to be updated.

The view is a virtual table which takes the result of an SQL query. Users can access a View. They have rows and columns similar to a table.

COMMAND FUNCTION SYNTAX
create index Creates a new index from an existing table. Allows duplicate values.
> CREATE INDEX indexname
ON tablename (column1, column2, ...);
create index unique Similar to creating an index. But only allows unique values.
>CREATE UNIQUE INDEX indexname
ON tablename (column1, column2, ...);
drop index Deletes an existing index.
> DROP INDEX INDEXNAME;
rebuild index Used to rebuild one or all indexes in a table if corrupted.
>REINDEX INDEX INDEXNAME;
create view Creates a view if it doesn’t exist.
> CREATE VIEW VIEWNAME AS SELECT COLUMN1,COLUMN2 FROM TABLE WHERE CONDITION;
update view Creates or edits an existing view.
> CREATE OR REPLACE viewname 
AS 
SELECT COLUMN1,COLUMN2 FROM TABLE WHERE CONDITION;
rename view Changes the name of the view.
> RENAME TABLE VIEWNAME TO NEWVIEWNAME;
drop view Deletes an existing view.
> DROP VIEW VIEWNAME;
drop views Deletes multiple views.
> DROP VIEW VIEW1,VIEW2…;
show views Displays all views in a database.
> SHOW FULL TABLES
[{FROM | IN } databasename]
WHERE table_type = 'VIEW';

8. TRIGGERS IN MYSQL

Triggers are DBMS objects which are associated with tables. Triggers are fired when any one of the DML statements (INSERT, DELETE or UPDATE) is activated.

There are two types of triggers,

  • Row Level Triggers: A trigger is an instruction that causes a row to trigger to be fired once for each row affected by an insert, update, or delete statement. The row trigger is fired automatically.
  • Statement Level Trigger: Trigger is fired once regardless of the number of DML statements.

There are six types of triggers, namely,

  • Before Insert: Activated before insertion.
  • After Insert: Activated after insertion.
  • Before Update: Activated before updating.
  • After Update: Activated after updating.
  • Before Delete: Activated before deletion.
  • After Delete: Activated after deletion.
COMMAND FUNCTION SYNTAX
create trigger Creates a new trigger on an existing table.
>CREATE TRIGGER TRIGGERNAME
BEFORE | AFTER INSERT | UPDATE| DELETE 
ON TABLENAME FOR EACH ROW
TRIGGERBODY;
drop trigger Deletes an existing trigger. > DROP TRIGGER TRIGGERNAME;
show all triggers Displays all the triggers in the database. > SHOW TRIGGERS FROM | IN DATABASE_NAME WHERE SEARCH_CONDITION;

9. STORED PROCEDURES AND FUNCTION

Procedures are reusable SQL codes that we store in a database. We can directly call procedures instead of writing the query again and again.

Functions are reusable code, which runs certain SQL commands and returns an appropriate value.

  • Syntax to create a new procedure.
DELIMITER $$
CREATE PROCEDURE procedurename(parameterlist)
BEGIN
  body;
END $$
DELIMITER ;
  • Syntax to create a new function
DELIMITER $$
CREATE FUNCTION functionname(parameterlist)
RETURNS datatype
NOT DETERMINISTIC
BEGIN
 %statements%
END $$

DELIMITER ;
COMMAND FUNCTION SYNTAX
drop procedure Deletes an existing procedure. > DROP PROCEDURE PROCEDURENAME;
show all procedures Displays all the stored procedures in the database. > SHOW PROCEDURE STATUS LIKE ‘%PATTERN’ | WHERE CONDITION;
drop function Deletes an existing stored function. > DROP FUNCTION FUNCTIONNAME;
show stored functions Displays all the stored functions. > SHOW FUNCTION STATUS LIKE ‘%PATTERN’ | WHERE CONDITION;

10. INBUILT FUNCTIONS IN MySQL

  • STRING FUNCTIONS
Function Description
ASCII Returns the ASCII value of a character
CHAR_LENGTH Returns the length of a string.
CHARACTER_LENGTH Returns the length of a string
CONCAT Concatenates two or more expressions.
CONCAT_WS Concatenates with a separator. 
FIELD Returns the index of value in a list.
FIND_IN_SET Returns the index of a string within a list.
FORMAT Changes the format/representation.
INSERT Inserts a string within a string at a given index.
INSTR Returns the index of the first occurrence of a string in another one.
LCASE Converts an entire string to lowercase.
LEFT Extracts a length of characters from the left of a string.
LENGTH Returns the string length in bytes.
LOCATE Returns the location of the first occurrence of a substring in a given  string
LOWER Converts an entire string to lowercase.
LPAD Left-pads a string with a given string.
LTRIM Removes spaces from the left of a string.
MID Extracts a substring from a string at a given position.
POSITION Returns the location of the first occurrence of a substring in a given  string
REPEAT Repeats the string the number of times the user specifies.    
REPLACE Replaces occurrences of a substring in a string with another substring.
REVERSE Reverses the string.
RIGHT Extracts a length of characters from the right of a string.
RPAD Right-pads a string with a given string.
RTRIM Removes spaces from the right of a string.
STRCMP Checks whether two strings are equal.
SUBSTR Extracts a substring from a string at a position mentioned by the user.
SUBSTRING Same as substr.
TRIM Trims leading and trailing spaces from a string as specified by the user.
UCASE Converts an entire string to uppercase.
UPPER Converts an entire string to uppercase.
  • NUMERIC FUNCTIONS
Function Description
ABS Returns the absolute value.
ACOS Returns the cosine inverse.
ASIN Returns the sine inverse.
ATAN Returns the tan inverse of one or two numbers.
ATAN2 Returns the tan inverse of  two numbers.
AVG Returns the mean value.
CEIL Returns the smallest integer that is greater than or equal to the number
CEILING Returns the smallest integer that is greater than or equal to the number
COS Returns the cosine.
COT Returns the cotangent.
COUNT Returns the number of records returned by a query.
DEGREES Converts angle in Radians to Degrees. 
DIV Integer division
EXP Returns e raised to the power of value mentioned.
FLOOR Returns the largest integer that is less than or equal to a number
GREATEST Returns the largest value in the list.
LEAST Returns the smallest value in the list.
LN Calculates logarithm to the base e.
LOG Calculates logarithm to the base e.
LOG10 Calculates logarithm to the base 10.
LOG2 Calculates logarithm to the base 2.
MAX Returns the largest value in a set.
MIN Returns the least value in a set.
MOD Returns the remainder after division of two numbers.
PI Returns value of π
POW Used for exponents.
POWER Used for exponents.
RADIANS Converts angle in Degree to Radians.
RAND Generates a random number.
ROUND Rounds the number to the nearst decimal place.
SIGN Returns the sign of a number
SIN Returns the sine.
SQRT Returns the root of a number.
SUM Calculates the sum of a set.
TAN Returns the tangent.
  • MYSQL DATE FUNCTION
Function Description
ADDDATE Adds a date interval and return the value.
ADDTIME Adds a time interval and then returns the value.
CURDATE Returns today’s date
CURRENT_DATE Same as CURDATE
CURRENT_TIME Returns the time at the moment
CURRENT_TIMESTAMP Returns date and time at the moment.
CURTIME Returns time at the moment.
DATE Picks up the date from an expression of Date/Time.
DATEDIFF Returns number of days between two given dates.
DATE_ADD Similar to ADDDATE
DATE_FORMAT Changes the format in which Date is displayed.
DATE_SUB Subtracts a time interval and returns the value.
DAY Returns the weekday for today.
DAYNAME Returns the weekday name for any date.
DAYOFMONTH Used to retrieve the index of the day of the month of any date.
DAYOFWEEK Used to retrieve the index of the weekday of any date.
DAYOFYEAR Used to retrieve the index of the day of a year of any date.
EXTRACT Extracts a part of any date.
HOUR Returns the “hours” in a given time.
LAST_DAY Return the last day of the given month.
LOCALTIME Returns the date and time at the moment.
LOCALTIMESTAMP Similar to LOCALTIME.
MAKEDATE Returns a date based on the year and the no. of days you specify.
MAKETIME Returns a time based on the hours , minutes and seconds you specify.
MICROSECOND Returns the microseconds in a given time.
MINUTE Returns the minutes in a given time.
MONTH Returns the month on a given date.
MONTHNAME Same as MONTH but returns the name of the month.
NOW Returns date and time at the moment.
PERIOD_ADD Adds a specific number of months.
PERIOD_DIFF Return the difference between two time periods.
SECOND Return the seconds in a given time.
SEC_TO_TIME Returns time in seconds.
STR_TO_DATE Formats the date based on a particular string.
SUBDATE Same as DATE_SUB.
SUBTIME Subtracts a time interval.
SYSDATE Returns the date/time reflected by the system.
TIME Returns the time from a date/time value.
TIME_FORMAT Time is displayed based on a certain format.
TIME_TO_SEC Returns time in seconds.
TIMEDIFF Returns the difference between two date-time values.
TO_DAYS Returns the number of days between amy date and "0000-00-00"
  • ADVANCED MYSQL FUNCTION
Function Description
BIN Returns binary value of a given number.
BINARY Converts a given string to a binary string.
CAST Converts data from one data type to another.
COALESCE Returns the first non-null value in a set or list.
CONV Converts a number from one number-base system to another
CONVERT Similar to CAST in working
CURRENT_USER Returns the user name and host name for the MySQL account that is currently used.
DATABASE Returns the name of the database currently in use.
IF IF condition statement.
SESSION_USER Returns the current MySQL user name and host name.
SYSTEM_USER Similar to SESSION_USER.
USER Similar to SESSION_USER.
VERSION Returns the current version of the MySQL server installed.

CONCLUSION

By going through this cheat sheet, you would have got a decent understanding/revision of MySQL. More than memorizing syntax, do pay attention to practising them and solving problems.

Additional Resources

MYSQL MCQ

1.

What is the default date and time format in MySQL?

2.

Which of the following in-built functions is the same as LOG?

3.

Which one of these doesn’t have a syntaxical error?

4.

Triggers can be used by which of the following?

5.

If I want records of all distinct tables, what join do I use?

6.

Which of the following year(s) is not supported in the YEAR data type.

7.

Choose the correct syntax.

8.

In which of the following stacks, MySQL is not used.

9.

Choose the right syntax for MySQL backup.

10.

Which of the following is the correct function definition in MySQL?:

A:

DELIMITER $$
CREATE FUNCTION functionname(parameter1,parameter2……)
RETURNS datatype
BEGIN
 %statements%
END 

DELIMITER ;

B:

DELIMITER $$
CREATE FUNCTION functionname(parameterlist)
RETURNS datatype
BEGIN
 %statements%
END 

DELIMITER $$;

C: 

DELIMITER $$
CREATE FUNCTION functionname(parameter1,parameter2……)
BEGIN
 %statements%
END 

DELIMITER$$ ;

D.

DELIMITER $$

CREATE FUNCTION functionname(parameterlist)
RETURNS datatype
BEGIN
 %statements%
END $$

DELIMITER ;
11.

Which of the following is not a type of table partitioning?

12.

Choose the right syntax to generate Statistics of a table with Histogram of columns.

13.

Choose the write option which describes Table Constraints aptly

14.

What does A in ACID stand for?

15.

File extension not supported by MySQL.

16.

Which of the following is true about ranking in MySQL

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2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
Phone Number *
OTP will be sent to this number for verification
+91 *
+91
Change Number
Phone Number *
OTP will be sent to this number for verification
+91 *
+91
Change Number
Graduation Year *
Graduation Year *
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
*Enter the expected year of graduation if you're student
Current Employer *
Company Name *
Please verify your phone number
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