Least Common Ancestor

Find the lowest common ancestor in an unordered binary tree given two values in the tree.

Lowest common ancestor : the lowest common ancestor (LCA) of two nodes v and w in a tree or directed acyclic graph (DAG) is the lowest (i.e. deepest) node that has both v and w as descendants.

Example :

       /              \
    ___5__          ___1__
   /      \        /      \
   6      _2_     0        8
         /   \
         7    4

For the above tree, the LCA of nodes 5 and 1 is 3.

LCA = Lowest common ancestor

Please note that LCA for nodes 5 and 4 is 5.

  • You are given 2 values. Find the lowest common ancestor of the two nodes represented by val1 and val2
  • No guarantee that val1 and val2 exist in the tree. If one value doesn’t exist in the tree then return -1.
  • There are no duplicate values.
  • You can use extra memory, helper functions, and can modify the node struct but, you can’t add a parent pointer.
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