**Problem Description**

Rishabh takes out his **Snakes and Ladders Game**, stares the board and wonders: "If I can always roll the die to whatever number I want, what would be the **least number of rolls to reach the destination**?"

**RULES:**

- The game is played with cubic dice of
**6**faces numbered from**1**to**A**. - Starting from
**1**, land on square**100**with the exact roll of the die. If moving the number rolled would place the player beyond square**100**, no move is made. - If a player lands at the base of a ladder, the player must climb the ladder. Ladders go up only.
- If a player lands at the mouth of a snake, the player must go down the snake and come out through the tail. Snakes go down only.

**BOARD DESCRIPTION:**

- The board is always
`10 x 10`

with squares numbered from**1**to**100**. - The board contains
**N**ladders given in a form of 2D matrix**A**of size`N * 2`

where**(A[i][0], A[i][1])**denotes a ladder that has its base on square**A[i][0]**and end at square**A[i][1]**. - The board contains
**M**snakes given in a form of 2D matrix**B**of size`M * 2`

where**(B[i][0], B[i][1])**denotes a snake that has its mouth on square**B[i][0]**and tail at square**B[i][1]**.

1 <= N, M <= 15

1 <= A[i][0], A[i][1], B[i][0], B[i][1] <= 100

A[i][0] < A[i][1] and B[i][0] > B[i][1]

Neither square **1** nor square **100** will be the starting point of a ladder or snake.

A square will have at most one endpoint from either a snake or a ladder.

First argument is a 2D matrix **A** of size `N * 2`

where **(A[i][0], A[i][1])** denotes a ladder that has its base on square **A[i][0]** and end at square **A[i][1]**.

Second argument is a 2D matrix **B** of size `M * 2`

where **(B[i][0], B[i][1])** denotes a snake that has its mouth on square **B[i][0]** and tail at square **B[i][1]**.

Return the **least number of rolls** to move from start to finish on a separate line. If there is no solution, return **-1**.

Input 1:

A = [ [32, 62] [42, 68] [12, 98] ] B = [ [95, 13] [97, 25] [93, 37] [79, 27] [75, 19] [49, 47] [67, 17]

Input 2:

A = [ [8, 52] [6, 80] [26, 42] [2, 72] ] B = [ [51, 19] [39, 11] [37, 29] [81, 3] [59, 5] [79, 23] [53, 7] [43, 33] [77, 21]

Output 1:

3

Output 2:

5

Explanation 1:

The player can roll a5and a6to land at square12. There is a ladder to square98. A roll of2ends the traverse in3rolls.

Explanation 2:

The player first rolls5and climbs the ladder to square80. Three rolls of6get to square98. A final roll of2lands on the target square in5total rolls.

NOTE:You only need to implement the given function. Do not read input, instead use the arguments to the function. Do not print the output, instead return values as specified. Still have a doubt? Checkout Sample Codes for more details.

- Hint 1
- Solution Approach
- Complete Solution

Loading...