Difference Between Client Side Scripting and Server Side Scripting

Difference Between Client Side Scripting and Server Side Scripting

What is Client-Side Scripting?

Client-Side Scripting refers to the output which is requested to the server by the end-users. The majority of this page is written in HTML. With client-side scripting, JavaScript is the primary language used. It is the most widely used language in this area, and it works with all programs. It can run on any of them along these lines. Along these lines, the application downloads the code and begins handling it without the server (for a limited period).
On the off chance that one requires a piece of extra data, they can raise an ask for it and straightforwardly send it to the server.

The utilization of client-side scripting prior was information approval, designing, and page route. This scripting is quickly developing today, and developing step-by-step Java Script is the essential language conveyed with customer-side scripting. It is the most broadly used language here-and it is viable with all programs. Along these lines, it can run on any of them. Along these lines, the program (for a brief time) downloads the code and starts handling it without the server. On the off chance that one requires a piece of extra data, they can raise and ask for it and straightforwardly send it to the server. The utilization of client-side scripting prior was information approval, designing, and page route. This scripting is quickly developing today and developing step by step.

Key features of Client-side Scripting:

  • It is built to perform code on which a web browser runs and accessible user gets the result of the inputs.
  • Client In client-side scripting, it does not include any interaction with the server, the only interaction done is receiving the data which was requested.
  • Client-
  • Allows more interactivity with the clients using the browser and is used to validate programs and functionality according to the request.

Different Client-Side scripting languages:

  • VBScript
  • jQuery
  • HTML: Basic and easiest, HTML is used to provide the basic framework for web designing.
  • CSS: Provides a way to do high-dynamic graphic design to make web applications more attractive and interesting for the end-user.

What is Server-side scripting?

Unknown users will not be able to view what happens behind the scenes of any
programming database. It suggests that server-side programming prepares a site for its database, as well as all of the background tasks that contribute to the site’s association and
operation. Server-side scripting is commonly used to tailor the user interface to their
specific needs. Server-side scripting also allows the owner to hide the source code from the
client-side user, allowing the end-users to see only the required data. Scripting is carried out in a variety of programming languages.

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The most common and widely used server-side scripting programming language is .Net, PHP, Java, Pearl, and many more. When the client requests the page from the server side, the application server receives the request, processes the requested data from the database, and returns the HTML page to the end user with the help of APIs.

Key features of Server-side scripting:

  • Provides every request which is being asked by the client and responds accordingly.
  • Secure than the client-side scripting by using a highly integrated programming language
  • Server-side scripting is associated with accessing data, error handling, and the fastest processing of the data.
  • It is processed and communicates with the server.

Different Server-Side Scripting Languages

Server-side scripting is done in various languages. Some of them are listed below:

  • .Net language: .Net is one of the most popular and widely used scripting languages for special features. It allows the easy creation of dynamic documents and programs. Native applications in .net are written in different programming languages like C++, Java, C, etc.
  • PHP: PHP (Hypertext Processor) is the language used for building dynamic, data-driven applications and is the world’s most popular scripting language.
  • Node.js: The open-source project-based platform which is based on Google Chrome JavaScript Engine. The speciality of using the Node.js platform is that it allows server-side Java applications to run without browsing.
  • Python: The free and open-source platform which is easy to use and very user-friendly to program. Python is a server-side scripting language that supports multiple programming techniques with easy syntax for programming.

Difference between Client-Side Scripting and Server-Side Scripting

The main difference between client-side and server-side scripting is given below.

BasisClient-side ScriptingServer-side Scripting
Primary Function The primary function of client-side scripting is to provide the requested output to the end-user  The primary function of server-side scripting is to manipulate and give access to the required database as per request.  
Uses The client side is used as the front end, where the user gets to see what we have browsed. The server side is used as a back end where data is processed and is not visible to the client user.  
Code allowanceOn the client side, the user is allowed to access the code written after verifying the user’s need. Server-side scripting allows the back-end developer to hide the source code from the user. 
Processing The client-side does not need any interaction with the server. Server-side scripting on the other hand is all about communicating with the servers. 
FunctionUsed for the visibility and getting out the required data from servers’ database Used for the customization or modification of the data to change the website dynamically.  
  Dependability Client-side scripting depends upon the user’s browser version. Serve-side does not depend on the client. 
Security This way of scripting is less secure than Server-side scripting because of the accessibility of code provided to the client. Server-side scripting is considered a more secure way of working on a web application 
  Connectivity  The client-side does not connect to the database at the webserver. The server side helps connect with the database, which is already stored in the server database. 
File Access It does have any access to the files present on the web servers. But we have the option to upload files from the front end It has total access to the files which are stored in the web database server. 
Occurrence It occurs when the browser processes all the codes, and then it reacts according to the client’s query. It only acts after the client initiates the browsing request. 
Running It runs on the end-user’s system. It runs on the web server. 
Languages    HTML, JavaScript, and CSS are used to display the request PHP, Python, Ruby, Node js are some of the programming languages used on server-side 


As a final word for the difference between client-side scripting and Server-side scripting, they are the two ends of any web application, wherein on the server-side all the data is stored systematically in the server web database and as per client request the data Is removed and made it visible to the end-user. Both use different programming languages to build one interactive, attractive, and user-friendly application. By going through this article, you can easily understand the difference between client-side scripting and server-side scripting. Different programming and scripting languages are used while writing the programs to design interactive applications.


Q.1: What is an example of client-side scripting?

Ans. JavaScript and VBScript are the most common examples used for client-side scripting. These programming languages are used to run scripts written in a scripting language.

Q.2: Which Server-side scripting is good?

Ans. As per the popularity and the use of server-side scripting language, PHP is the most popular and widely used language while scripting programming on the server side. It is easy to use and also an open-source programming language.

Q.3: How does client-side scripting improve applications?

Ans. Client-side scripting improves application performance by keeping the data up to date and making it interactive for the user. It helps in understanding the browser and the functionality of the application.

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