What is HTML?
HTML (Hypertext markup language) is used to format and design a web page’s user interface. HTML also assists the user to navigate to various pages on the same website or to link websites together. HTML is at the heart of Front End development. Tags are used to structure a webpage. It is necessary to learn that HTML is not a programming language as it can’t create dynamic functionality. Instead, with HTML, web users can design and structure paragraphs, sections, and links using elements tags, sections, and attributes
The first version of HTML was not very successful as developers were into developing websites at that time. Nevertheless, in 1995 HTML 2 was released and the exact structure with tags introduced in HTML 1.0 was also incorporated in this version and more tags were introduced such as <Meta>. Additionally, support for forms was added to this version.
HTML 3 released in Jan 1997, introduced tables, mathematical equations, and fill-out forms like checkboxes, textfield, and radio buttons. Additionally, in HTML 3.0 the support of stylesheets via a link and multimedia features were also available. HTML 4 incorporated features like multimedia, support for frames, and more printing options were made possible. In HTML 4.0.1 version, many more tags were introduced. This was the most successful version of HTML and it took years before another better version of HTML was released in 2014. HTML5 is the most contemporary version used these days by all developers and is supported by all modern browsers. HTML5 has many upgraded APIs and traits which make it much convenient for a web developer to get the desired result for the web page.
Key Features of HTML
- HTML is very simple to learn and understand. The tags are simple, and there is no hectic case sensitivity in HTML.
- One of the major benefits of HTML is that it is cost-effective, and there is no requirement to purchase specific software. One should not have to deal with various plugins needed to work on any software because HTML does not require any plugins.
- HTML is one of the most friendly search engines as compared to all the programming languages available in the market (Search Engine friendly means delivering users quality websites with relevant information when searched for a particular one). It is quite easy to design SEO-compliant websites using HTML than other programming languages.
- HTML websites are easy to read and can be accessed by web crawlers. Thus, reducing parsing time and the page load time of the website, improving its performance.
- HTML can be efficiently integrated with various languages and does not create any issues in it.
- HTML is also a very lightweight language. It has a high signal-to-noise ratio in comparison to other forms of communication. It is also quicker to download HTML code, which means it is extremely compressive also.
- Another benefit of HTML is that the changes are reflected instantly just by saving it and reloading the previous HTML page.There is no necessity to run the whole code and find out where the error is. For example, if you have made the word italic, it will show up on the page once it is saved and reloaded.
Pros and Cons of HTML
Like any other computer language, HTML has its strengths and shortcomings. Listed below are the pros and cons of HTML:
- HTML is beginner-friendly. HTML is equipped with clean and consistent markup, along with a shallow learning curve.
- HTML is extensively used, with a lot of resources and a large community behind it.
- HTML is open-source and completely free. It runs natively in all web browsers.
- HTML is easily integrable with backend languages like PHP and Node.js.
- It is time-consuming as the time it consumes to maintain the color scheme of a page and to make forms, lists, and tables.
- A lot of code can be difficult to handle.
- Some browsers take time to adopt new features. Often older browsers don’t render newer HTML tags.
- Vue.js is an open-source framework, which enables programmers to design user interfaces of websites or single-page applications.
- Angularjs is an open-source framework supported by Google and is also used for designing single-page applications.
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