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# Arithmetic Operations on Numbers

In JavaScript we may use Arithmetic operators to perform arithmetic on numbers (literals or variables).

 Operator Description + Addition - Subtraction * Multiplication ** Exponentiation / Division % Modulus (Remainder) ++ Increment -- Decrement

A typical arithmetic operation operates on two numbers.

• The two numbers can be literals:
`Example: var x = 1 + 7;`
• The two numbers can be variables:
`Example: var x = n + m;`
• The two numbers can be variables:
`Example: var x = (1 + 8) + n;`

### Operators and Operands

• The numbers (in an arithmetic operation) are called operands.
• The operation (to be performed between the two operands) is defined by an operator.

`Example: var x = 7; var y = 2; var z = x + y; // So z will store 9.`

The subtraction operator (-) subtracts numbers:

`Example: var x = 7; var y = 2; var z = x - y; // So z will store 5.`

The multiplication operator (*) multiplies numbers:

`Example: var x = 7; var y = 2; var z = x * y; // So z will store 14. `

The division operator (/) divides numbers:

`Example: var x = 8; var y = 2; var z = x / y; // So z will store 4.`

The modulus operator (%) returns the division remainder.

`Example: var x = 7; var y = 2; var z = x % y; // So z will store 1.`

The increment operator (++) increments numbers.

`Example: var x = 5; x++; var z = x; // So z will store 6.`

The decrement operator (–) decrements numbers.

`Example: var x = 5; x--; var z = x; // So z will store 4. `

The exponentiation operator (**) raises the first operand to the power of the second operand.

`Example: var x = 5; var z = x ** 2; // So z will store 25.   `

Try the following example in the editor below.

You are given an integer N, print the value of N*N + N3 - N.

Sample Input:

2

Sample Output:

10

Hints
• Hints are not available for this problem

## Discussion

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